Edward Gudmundson was born June 29, 1917 in Mountain, ND. He graduated from North Dakota State Universtiy (NDSU) in 1949. He joined the US Navy in 1942 and was discharged in 1945. Edward Gudmundson has worked as a pharmacist from 1945 to 1984. He describes his schooling, experiences, and compares drug stores of the 1940s with those of the 1980s.
Dr. Kenneth Covey started an independent family practice in Moorhead in 1966. He discusses small town medicine and the changes in orthopedics-prothesis, replacement joints, etc. He also describes the economic turmoil in medicine and the treat of socialized medicine.
Dr. Duane Thysell was born in Hawley, Minnesota in 1908. Dr. Thysell reminiscences about his 48 year career in medicine in Hawley and Moorhead between 1934 and 1981. He focuses on the activities of a rural medical practice, and how these changed over time.